AMREF Flying Doctors is a company limited by guarantee wholly owned by Amref Health Africa, which is the leading international health development non-governmental organization based in Africa, headquartered in Nairobi. AMREF Flying Doctors was established in 1957 by three surgeons - Sir Michael Wood, Archibald McIndoe, & Thomas Rees and has since been involved in a number of health care projects in East Africa.
Spurred by what they had seen of the combined effects of poverty, tropical disease, and a lack of adequate health services in East Africa, their collective vision was born in the foothills of Mt Kilimanjaro.
At that time, there was one doctor to every 30,000 people in East Africa – in Britain it was 1:1,000. Medical facilities were sparse, with rough terrain and often impassable roads, making access to medical care difficult for people in rural and remote areas. As this was where the majority of the population lived, Archie, Tom, and Michael saw an air-based service as the only way to get health care to remote communities